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At South Pennine Academies, we want every student to have the best possible chance to achieve in school.

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Orchard Primary Academy


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At Orchard Primary Academy, we intend to deliver to our children a curriculum which is accessible to all, maximising the outcomes for every individual so that they learn more, remember more and understand more. As a result of this, our children will:

  • Increase and develop their historical knowledge, skills and concepts.

  • Increase their understanding of the past in order to help them understand the present.

  • Develop and use a multitude of subject-related skills, such as historical enquiry, analysis, evaluation and argument.

  • Develop a sense of their own identity and cultures, as well as the identities and cultures of others. This will, in turn, provide the children with an increased amount of acceptance for the wider world.

  • Be provided with memorable enrichment opportunities, fuelling their passion for history and igniting a curiosity to continue to learn more about the past.

  • Develop their historical vocabulary.

  • Develop an understanding of chronology and where events fit onto a timeline.

History will be taught on a topic-based approach with consideration given to chronology, age appropriate topics and the local community in which we serve. The teaching of history at Orchard will ensure that there is a clear progression of skills and knowledge, ensuring that previous knowledge is embedded and built upon throughout their journey through school, allowing children to build up a timeline of events.

Please find below a document that outlines the coverage of Historical teaching, alongside the knowledge and skills that will be developed. 

Click Here - History Coverage Document 



Throughout the teaching of history, through our topic approach, we aim to inspire pupils' curiosity to learn and understand about the past. We enable pupils to think critically, ask questions, use artefacts and historical information to develop understanding, perspective and judgement.

These are the historical topics that are covered throughout pupil's time at Orchard Primary Academy

Key Stage Cycle  Autumn Term  Spring Term  Summer Term 



A My Family History  The Great Explorers The Seaside
B Our Local Heroes Great fire of London Great Inventions



A The Stone Age  The Bronze and Iron Age  Egyptians
B Roman Britain  Crime and Punishment Darn't Pit



A Ancient Greeks Anglo Saxons The Impact of War
B The Vikings The Mayan Civilisation Journeys 

History at Orchard will be implemented in numerous ways throughout school. Some of these include:

  • Topic displays in every classroom, including the subject specific vocabulary taught and definitions for these where required. These will be revisited often to ensure understanding.

  • Prior knowledge quizzes undertaken at the beginning of every new topic. This is to ensure the knowledge taught previously is embedded.

  • Post knowledge quizzes undertaken at the end of every topic. This is to ensure that the new learning has successfully made its way to the long-term memory of our children.

  • Use of artefacts to promote children’s curiosity and allow them to explore.

  • Use of sources and understanding of the differences between primary and secondary sources.

  • Outdoor learning where appropriate.

  • Cross-curricular opportunities are explored where possible. English, maths, science,

    ICT, art and geography are all taught discretely but often revisited during history lessons.

  • Cultural capital through the planning of trips, in-school workshops and community involvement to provide first-hand experiences to our children to support and develop their learning.



As pupils progress through school they will develop their Historical knowledge and skills under 3 headings. These are

  • Chronological Understanding
  • Knowledge and Interpretation
  • Historical Enquiry

At the start of each new topic, pupils will demonstrate their prior knowledge in their
books, this will enable teachers to ensure they have the firm foundations to build upon. Children will be encouraged to reflect on the knowledge learnt throughout the topic and then their understanding will be visible in books at the end. Key vocabulary and prompts will be displayed in and out of the classroom environment, enabling children to absorb and reflect continuously, supporting long term knowledge development.

As a result of the above, children will:

  • Know more, remember more and understand more about history.

  • Have a passion for learning about their past and the past of others.

  • Have more acceptance for other cultures, societies and countries.

  • Understand, and confidently use, the key skills of chronology, knowledge and interpretation and enquiry skills.

  • Develop their own communication skills and be able to use resources provided to construct their own opinions on events from the past.

  • Be able to take life lessons away from history to influence their opinions, thoughts and decisions in the future.

Click Here - History Knowledge, Skills and Understanding Progression Document